Иностранный язык в сфере юриспруденции


Сибирский институт управления – ФИЛИАЛ РАНХиГС
Оценка: 85 баллов.

1. Choose the correct word for each sentence. (20 баллов)
1) In most countries policemen carry guns.
a)     guns      b) swords     c) masks
2) Members of Criminal Investigation department are detectives.
a)     officers    b) volunteers    c) detectives
3) A police officer can stop and search people if he suspects them of committing a crime.
a)     prevents     b) suspects    c) provides
4) The head of Scotland Yard is appointed by the Crown on the recommendation   of Home Secretary.
a)     recommendation   b) provision   c) opinion
5)    Courts decide both criminal and civil cases.
a)      crimes    b) cases    c)  procedures
6)    The jury traditionally includes  of 12 ordinary people.
a)     includes     b) consists    c)   covers
7)    The jurors discuss their decision in a special room.
a)     interrogation   b)  situation    c) decision
8)    If a person committed a crime, he/she cannot be a juror.
a)     crime   b) mistake    c) disease
9)    The jury reaches the verdict, but the judge  passes the sentence.
a)     clerk    b)  judge   c) police officer
10)            The verdict of the jury must be unanimous  in cases of murder.
a)     unanimous     b)  similar   c) different

2.Use the correct word in each sentence form the words below. (20 баллов)

guilty important eligible independent  acquitted

challenge honorable personal  evidence  chosen

 1)    Trial by jury is an important feature of  English justice.

2)    Twelve jurors are chosen from the list of local electoral register.

3)    The jurors listen to the evidence  and give their verdict.

4)    The verdict can be guilty or not guilty.

5)    The jury is independent  of the judiciary.

6)    The judge can challenge one or several members of the jury.

7)    The reason for the challenge may be that the juror has a personal  interest in the case.

8)    People between the ages of 18 and 70 are eligible for serving in the jury.

9)    Service in the jury is an honorable duty of citizens.

10)           If the jury finds the accused not guilty, he/she is acquitted in the courtroom.

tili-mili-tryamdiya.ru3. Answer the questions on the topics “The Police” and “The Jury”. (10 баллов)

1)    In what situations do British policemen carry guns?

- There are special units that are trained to use guns. They are called when there are terroristic incident, armed robberies, ect. These special units help the regular police force. The only policemen who carry weapons every day are those who guard politicians and diplomats, or special officers who patrol airports.

2)    Do women work in the British police?

- Yes, they do. Women make up about 10 per cent of the police force.

3)    What are police powers?

- The powers of a police officer in England and Wales to stop and search people and vehicles, arrest and place a person under detention.

4)    What people are eligible for serving in the jury?

- People between the ages of 18 and 65 are eligible for serving in the jury. These people are chosen from the list of local electoral register. Ineligible people include clergymen,  judges, members of the legal profession or the police, prison, as well as people convicted for certain offences. Anyone who has received a prison sentence of five years or more is disqualified for life.

5)    How can the verdict of the jury sound?

- The verdict can be guilty or not guilty.

tili-mili-tryamdiya.ru4.Do grammar exercises.

a) Turn sentences in the Active voice into the Passive Voice. (10 баллов)

 1) This man committed the crime a week ago. The crime is committed this man a week ago.

2) The detectives investigate the most serious crimes. The most serious crimes are investigated the detectives.

3) The policemen can stop and search any person or a vehicle. Any person or a vehicle can be stopped and searched the policemen.

4) The officer will interrogate the suspect later.  The suspect will be interrogated the officer later.

5) The thief stole some paintings from the gallery. The paintings were stolen the thief from the gallery.

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b)     Turn the sentences from direct into reported speech. (20 баллов)

6)    Mary said: “I want to see the crime scene”.

Mary said she wanted to see the crime scene.

7)    Tom said: “I have lost my keys.”

Tom said he had lost his keys.

8)    Bob and Mary said: “We are discussing the trial.”

Bob and Mary said they were discussing the trial.

9)    Andrew said: “My client is coming to discuss the details”.

Andrew said his client was coming to discuss the details.

10)   Mr. Jones said: “I need to meet the policeman who arrested the thief.”

Mr. Jones said he needed to meet the policeman who arrested the thief.

11)  ‘When will you call me?’ she asked George.

She asked George when would he call her.

12)   She asked, ‘Can you invite the witness?’

She asked could I invite the witness?

13)  He asked, ‘Did you see it?’

He asked had I seen it?

14)  ‘Do you study civil law?’ she asked John.

She asked John did he study civil law?

15)  ‘What has this man done?’ the officer asked.

The officer asked what had that man done?


5.Read the text below and write which statements are true and which are false. (20 баллов)

Crime is a violation of a law.  Courts decide both criminal and civil cases. Most countries make a clear distinction between civil and criminal procedures.   Criminal and civil procedures are different.  The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution. The party bringing a civil case is called the plaintiff. In both kinds of cases the other party is called the defendant.

Civil cases are usually disputes between or among private citizens, corporations, governments, government agencies, and other organizations. Most often, the party bringing the suit is asking for money damages. For example, a landlord may sue a tenant for failure to pay rent. People who have been injured may sue a person or a company responsible for the injury. It is up to the plaintiff to prove the case against the defendant. This is called the plaintiff’s burden of proof.

A criminal case is brought by the state or by a city or county against a person or persons accused of committing a crime. If the defendant has pleaded not guilty, you should presume the defendant’s innocence unless the defendant’s guilt is proved.


1)    Courts decide only criminal cases. false

2)    Most countries do not make a distinction between criminal and civil cases. false

3)    Criminal and civil procedures are similar. false

4)    Crime is a violation of law. true

5)    The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution. true

6)    In civil cases the plaintiff usually asks for money damages. true

7)    The plaintiff needn’t prove the case against the defendant. false

8)    A criminal case is usually brought by a person against the state. false

9)    If the defendant pleads not guilty, he is acquitted. false

10)         The defendant’s innocence is presumed unless the defendant’s guilt is proved. false


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